Carter v Boehm

250th Anniversary Conference

Carter v Boehm
250th Anniversary Conference

This one-off weekend Conference in Bengkulu City (population almost 400,000) was to acknowledge and reflect on the 250th anniversary of Lord Mansfield’s seminal judgment on ‘utmost good faith’ in Carter v Boehm, arguably the most important case in the law of insurance. The judgment was delivered in London at Easter time in 1766.

Fort Marlborough

The insurance issues in Carter v Boehm (1766) arose out of a French attack on Fort Marlborough, a British trading post in Bengkulu (then known as ‘Benkulen’ or ‘Bencoolen’) in 1760. As appears from the accompanying photographs (supplied by Akadika Photography, Bengkulu), Fort Marlborough is presently in very good condition, thanks to restoration work completed by the Indonesian government in 1984.

The Conference

The Conference included presentations by qualified academics and others (including Professor Robin Pearson of the University of Hull) each morning. It also included a guided tour of the Fort and visits to the nearby jungle for a look at the tallest and largest flower in the world. The attendees absorbed the culture of Bengkulu and the historic Fort Marlborough where the focus of this event took place.

Carter v Boehm 250th Anniversary Conference

You can find presentation documents here

Download PDFs



In 1685, the English East India Company established a pepper-trading centre and garrison at Bengkulu (then known as Bencoolen). Bengkulu is on the Indian Ocean, on the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. It is the capital and largest city of the Bengkulu Province, with a population of almost 400,000 people. The primary crops of the area are pepper, coffee, nutmeg and sugar cane.

Between 1713 and 1719, the British built Fort Marlborough (also known as ‘Raffles Fort’) in Bengkulu.

In 1817, Sir Stamford Raffles was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Fort Marlborough.


Here are the better known tourist places in Bengkulu and its surrounds (in addition to Fort Marlborough):

Residence of Sukarno
Sukarno (Soekarno) was the first President of Indonesia (1945 to 1967). He was replaced by one of his generals, Suharto. The Dutch exiled Sukarno to Bengkulu from 1938 to 1941. Today, his small villa is a museum, containing books, clothes, a few photos and his bicycle.

Bukit Kaba Volcanic Crater
The Crater is about 100 km from Bengkulu. There are 2 sulphuric calderas with 12 active craters. There are panoramic views and hot springs near Curup (less than 20 kilometres away).

Kemumu is about 40 km from Bengkulu. It is a good base for walking, hiking and swimming near a waterfall.

Enggano Island
With buffalo, pigs and cattle. The inhabitants have lived in virtual isolation for centuries. Boats go from Bengkulu to the island..

Tikus Islands
These islands are known for fishing, diving and snorkelling. Boats go from Bengkulu to the islands.

The tallest and the largest flowers in the world
The Bengkulu province rainforests are home to the world's tallest flower, a lily-like flower locally known as Kibut or bunga Bangkai (Amorphophalus Titanum). The flower is rich red with a yellow stamen and can grow more than 2 metres high.

The rainforests are also home to the world's largest flower, a parasitic plant known as Rafflesia Arnoldi (named after Sir Stamford Raffles who, with his medical assistant Joseph Arnold, discovered it in 1818). Its flower can attain a diameter of nearly a meter and can weight up to 7 kg.

Both flowers can be found in rainforests on the slopes of the Bukit Barisan Mountains, within 60km of Bengkulu.


A detailed travel guide for Bengkulu appears at

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